From October 1 to May 1 all vehicles driving outside human settlements during daylight hours should have the daytime running lights or dipped beam on.
Currently there are following types of fines for traffic rules violation in Ukraine:
Driving without fastened seatbelts or crash helmet - from 51 to 85 UAH.
Exceeding the speed-limit for more than 20 km/h - from 255 to 340 UAH.
Exceeding the speed-limit for more than 50 km/h - from 510 to 680 UAH. The penalty may also take a form of community service for the term of 30-40 hours.
Stopping or parking in forbidden place - from 255 to 340 UAH.
Violation of traffic signs or traffic lane markings and of the crosswalks passing rules - from 255 to 340 UAH.
Violation of junction passing rules and of stop signal - from 425 to 510 UAH.
Drunken or drug-impaired driving, letting a drunken person drive, as well as evasion from medical examination for the purpose of revealing intoxication - fine from 2550 to 3400 UAH, community service for the term of 40-50 hours or arrest for 7-10 days.
Driving a vehicle without driving license, registration documents, vehicle insurance, 'green card' certificate (International Motor Insurance Certificate), cargo documents - from 425 to 850 UAH.
On main highways at large city's entrance you may often see stationary GAI (Department of Motor Vehicles and Traffic Control) posts. At such stations road offices watch round-the-clock and may stop vehicles for documents' verification. Traffic control officers may also patrol highways, 'hiding' from traffic participants in unnoticeable places - mainly in small settlements, and trying to catch speeding drivers. Therefore, be on the alert and never violate road regulations, remember that traffic policeman may stop you in the most unexpected place. If you are stopped by traffic control officer for overspeeding or crossing solid line, always demand to draw up a report on violation.
Quite often, when summer comes and autotourists' flow increases, so called 'ecological patrols' pop up on Ukrainian roads and try to make profits on gullible travelers. Such 'ecological policemen' may look like traffic policemen and even have similar uniform. They stop vehicles on highways and try to test your auto's exhaust gases for toxic emissions. Such actions are absolutely illegal. While Ukrainians are used to ignore such 'impostor-ecologists', their main targets are foreign autotourists, who are illegally made to buy ecological control coupons. Remember that in Ukraine drivers must stop only on traffic control officer's demand and safely ignore such 'ecological patrols', for they have no right to carry out ecological control, and to charge fines even less so!
It might be difficult to park a car in big Ukrainian cities (the same as in other big European cities). It is particularly true for Kyiv's central part, where parking lots are mainly paid and it's not always possible to find a parking place at the first try. Nevertheless, you should have no problems with parking places - both paid and free - in the most Ukrainian cities.
Ukrainian road regulations set speed limits for vehicles:
in urban areas and in settlements - 60 km/h
on roads outside settlements - 90 km/h
on main roads marked with corresponding sign - 110 km/h
If you overspeed for more than 20 km/h, you may be stopped by GAI (Department of Motor Vehicles and Traffic Control) officers and charged a fine.
There are well-established standards of conduct on Ukrainian roads, which allow drivers transmitting necessary information to each other. See bellow basic conventional signs, with which drivers communicate.
If oncoming vehicle's driver is blinking his far-reaching headlights, he is probably warning you about highway patrol on the road ahead. If the same happens at night, the driver is asking you to switch your far-reaching headlights to lower beam.
If passing car's driver is blinking his headlights, he is asking you to give him way.
If you overtake a cargo van on the narrow road, the left turn indicator combined with brake lights means that overtaking is impossible - there is oncoming traffic. If in the same situation cargo van signals with the right turn indicator combined with brake lights, it means that the road is free and you may overtake.
Signaling with emergency lights means gratitude or excuse.
Be ready that not all drivers in Ukraine follow road regulations and are polite to other traffic participants. Follow simple GFR rule - 'Give Fool the Road'. That is, think for other drivers and avoid emergencies by giving violator the road.
Road conditions in Ukraine may strongly vary depending on region. Main roads on the territory of large cities and regional centers are commonly in good state. If you intend to travel through Ukraine by car, expect poor road conditions in rural areas and on some intercity road sections. Some road sections are uneven and have holes that are periodically fixed by road services. These motorways may lack road signs and traffic lane markings.
In order to avoid vehicle damage and emergencies, it's better not to drive on such road sections at night. Be careful and pay attention to warning signs, try to plan your route in advance, in order to avoid driving in dark hours.
In order to drive a car (motorcycle) on the territory of Ukraine, you need to have an international driving license, documents certifying possession rights on the vehicle (technical passport) and motor vehicle liability insurance policy. Moreover, if you cross Ukrainian border by your own vehicle, you have to fill in a temporary vehicle importation declaration at the customs passing point.